Le Vau was the first architect to carry out major work on Versailles under King Louis XIV. He built the King’s and Queen’s State Apartments and the white stone façade on the garden side, known as “Le Vau’s Envelope”.
Who painted Versailles?
The famous decorator of Versailles and Vaux-le-Vicomte, Le Brun produced a large number of works which have established his reputation as a true genius of the 17th century. An artistic prodigy, Le Brun entered the service of king Louis XIV in 1647 as “Painter and Valet de Chambre”.
Who painted the Palace of Versailles ceiling?
The ceiling was painted by Jean-Baptiste de Champaigne and depicts Mercury on his chariot pulled by two roosters. Mercury was the patron god of trade, arts and sciences and, as the gods’ messenger, of ambassadors.
Which artists worked on the construction of Versailles?
The many French designers and craftsmen who contributed to Versailles’ architecture, furnishings and objets d’art, included Louis Le Vau, Jules Hardouin Mansart, Andre le Notre, Charles Le Brun, Jean Berain the Elder, Andre-Charles Boulle, Charles Cressent, Jean-Baptiste Oudry, Francois Lemoyne, and Juste-Aurele …
Who built Versailles Why?
Louis XIII built a simple hunting lodge on the site of the Palace of Versailles in 1623 and replaced it with a small château in 1631–34. Louis XIV expanded the château into a palace in several phases from 1661 to 1715.
Why is Charles Le Brun famous?
Charles Le Brun was the most important and influential designer during the reign of the French king, Louis XIV . He worked as a painter and designer at the various royal palaces, including Fontainebleau and the Louvre , but his greatest contribution was his work at the newly rebuilt Versailles . …
Who was the interior decorator architect for Versailles?
Louis Le Vau 1612-1670
Versailles was without doubt the last great work by this famous architect of the mid-17th century. After the Great Royal Entertainment in 1668, Louis XIV entrusted Le Vau, First Architect to the King since 1654, with the extension of the brick and stone palace built by his father Louis XIII.
Who lived in the Palace of Versailles?
In 1979, the entire Palace of Versailles domain was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The organization sums up its significance: “The Palace of Versailles was the principal residence of the French kings from the time of Louis XIV to Louis XVI.
How many paintings are there in Versailles?
With over 6,000 paintings and 3,000 sculptures, the museum remains the main iconographic source on the history of France.
When was the Palace of Versailles built?
It was a small country residence and, according to the Maréchal de Bassompierre, “a mere gentleman would not have been overly proud of the construction.” Louis XIII decided to rebuild it in 1631. Construction continued until 1634 and laid the basis of the Palace we know today.
What is the architecture design and construction of Versailles?
7 April 2016. The Palace of Versailles was built by Louis XIV. The entire palace contained a total of seven hundred rooms, extravagant gardens, and elegant decorations. Louis Le Vau did the archetype, while Charles Le Brun did the interior decoration, and Andre Le Notre designed the landscaping.
What was the impact of Versailles on architecture?
What was the impact of Versailles on architecture? This was the defining statement of certainly French 17th century architecture. It was a visual statement documenting the power and ambition of Louis XIV. Versailles influenced subsequent generations of aristocrats both in France and throughout Europe.
What Empire was the Versailles in?
Louis XIV ruled France for 72 years, and in that time transformed Versailles by encompassing Louis XIII’s chateau with a palace that contained north and south wings, as well as nearby buildings housing ministries. Versailles was built to impress.
What does the word Versailles mean?
Name. The argument over the etymology of Versailles tends to privilege the Latin word versare, meaning “to keep turning, turn over and over”, an expression used in medieval times for plowed lands, cleared lands (lands that had been repeatedly “turned over”).
Is Versailles a true story?
When events are debated by historians, it understandably dramatises the raciest interpretation of those contested events. More tellingly, it also conjures up its own entirely fictional subplot – though this is loosely based on the real conspiracy of Louis de Rohan and Gilles du Hamel de Latreaumont.